AUSTRALIA’S MOLD PREVENTION PROCESS TO DEVELOPMENT A decade ago, Australia became the first country in the world to develop a formal process for developing mould mitigation measures.
It began with a national consultation in 2010 and a $4 million grant from the World Bank.
The government has since invested $1.1 billion over three years to implement the framework.
The process involves three stages.
First, the Environment Protection Authority (EPA) conducts a risk assessment of the environment and identifies suitable places for mitigation.
The assessment identifies potential sources of exposure and mitigation options.
Second, a National Environmental Policy Authority (NEPA) makes recommendations to the EPA.
These recommendations are then considered by EPA and the NEPA makes recommendations about how the project should be developed and implemented.
The NEPA also advises the EPA on potential impacts and opportunities for the mitigation process.
Finally, the EPA considers a draft environmental impact statement (EAIS).
These are a summary of key information from a range of scientific and technical experts, which can be shared with the project and local authorities.
The EPA considers environmental impacts and the potential for mitigation in relation to the project.
The EAIS is then made public.
Once the EAIS has been completed, a process called a risk management plan is put in place to ensure the project will meet all requirements.
A process called an Environmental Impact Assessment (EAIA) is then undertaken to determine if there are any impacts to the environment or to people living nearby.
It is then up to the local authority to decide how to deal with these impacts.
The decision to develop the project in a particular area or area of the country is then reviewed by the EPA and, if appropriate, to the Environmental Impact Advisory Committee (EIAAC), which advises the Australian government on the project’s future.
If the EAIAA is not completed within a timeframe agreed to by the local government and the EPA, the project is abandoned.
Local authorities may also decide to develop mitigation on their own.
If a mitigation plan is not developed within a deadline agreed by the project management authority and the local council, the council may proceed with the development of the project itself.
This is known as a ‘development in progress’ and involves the local authorities undertaking a review of mitigation options and undertaking further development.
The project is then assessed for viability.
If it is viable, the local community is expected to contribute to the mitigation.
Local government must make sure the local planning system is in place before the project can be developed.
The local planning process is a complicated one.
A detailed assessment of mitigation plans can take months or years to complete.
A key aspect of the local development process is the local environment.
Local planning must include a comprehensive environmental assessment of any mitigation plan and any new development projects.
The Australian Government is also committed to supporting local governments in making decisions about the development and implementation of projects in their local communities.
For more information about mitigation, see the Australian Government’s Mitigation Policy and Plan: A guide to planning and mitigation.